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When the analysis makes use of information collected at run-time, while executing the program, we refer to it as hybrid analysis. This section provides the reader with background notions on the mobile apps ecosystem (Section 2.1) and static program analysis (Section 2.2). Android devices incorporate many optional hardware components, including still or video cameras, GPS, orientation sensors, dedicated gaming controls, accelerometers, gyroscopes, barometers, magnetometers, proximity sensors, pressure sensors, thermometers, and touchscreens. Some hardware components are not required, but became standard in certain classes of devices, such as smartphones, and additional requirements apply if they are present. Some other hardware was initially required, but those requirements have been relaxed or eliminated altogether. TI Arm-based Processor development platforms enable fast prototyping for application specific development.

The ICSE conference results to be the venue in which most studies on this topic were published (31/261), followed by ASE (30/261). Overall, a high heterogeneity can be found in the publication venues, which led to a total number of 112 different venues. Only a small number of venues results to be focused on mobile related topics. The vast majority of targeted venues is on general areas of computing, e.g., software engineering, security, testing and program analysis. The data synthesis activity involves collating and summarizing the data extracted from the primary studies [133] with the main goal of understanding, analysing, and classifying current research on static analysis of mobile apps.

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Generally, mobile apps are downloaded directly from the distribution platform to a target mobile device. Currently, Android and iOS platforms, the two most prominent mobile operating systems, make up over 99% of smartphone sales worldwide [114]. features tutorials, news, and how-tos focused on topics relevant to software engineers, web developers, programmers, and product managers of development teams. In addition to covering the most popular programming languages today, we publish reviews and round-ups of developer tools that help devs reduce the time and money spent developing, maintaining, and debugging their applications.

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You will still need to debug and rewrite the code for the native language and redesign the front-end user interface, because the two operating systems function very differently, making cross-platform operation impossible. For many mobile developers, the features of the IDE will be one of the most important considerations for deciding which IDE to use. It would be impossible to list all the features for each of the Android IDEs in this list, so the article calls out five to ten features that the IDE Web site highlights as being among the most important.

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Your target mobile device will have much less processing power and memory than desktop computers or enterprise servers. These constraints might seem like a significant challenge, especially if you’re more familiar with the comparatively boundless resources for conventional software development for web apps. Another option is to go hybrid, taking a write-once-run-anywhere approach. They’re typically coded in a programming language that’s universally recognized, such as Java, JavaScript, HTML or CSS. Because you’re denied access to the operating system’s native APIs, hybrid mobile application development works best for simple web applications—three- or four-page mobile applications with limited functionality. Our Embedded Android Software Development team has over the years worked on various versions of Android and Linux as they evolved, and have an in-depth understanding of the internals of both Linux and Android.

industrial android software development

I.e. an approach that allows us to enforce a certain behavior on the device, hence creating a more ‘direct’ connection to the API, without the phone worrying about ‘consumer-targeted’ concerns, like safety, privacy, permissions, etc. The static/hybrid approach parameter describes whether an approach relies on static analysis only (Static) or utilizes some form of dynamic analysis also (Hybrid). In addition to the backward snowballing, we also analyzed the researches citing the studies selected through the initial search. This process is usually referred to as a forward snowballing activity [255]. Specifically, we included this further literature search method in order to consider also newer studies that, at that time, had not been included in official journal volumes or conference proceedings yet. Regarding the forward snowballing process, the Google ScholarFootnote 8 bibliographic database was adopted to retrieve the studies citing the ones selected through the initial search phase.

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Due to the time consuming nature of manually comparing the statically generated privacy policy with the existing one, the evaluation of AutoPPG was limited to the low number of 20 randomly selected apps. Example.PiOS (P134) studies the privacy threats that applications written for Apple’s iOS may pose to users. To this end, the authors leverage static analysis techniques to extract data flows from iOS apps. PiOS is an iOS-specific implementation of the proposed technique, that automates the data flow extraction process from binaries resulting from the compilation of Objective-C code.

industrial android software development

These production-ready pre-populated PCBs offer a complete embedded computer system for full processor functionality and fast development time. SoMs provide all system components such as read-only memory, random access memory, power-management Industrial Software Development ICs, crystal oscillators and passives. What if your mobile application requires more processing than a typical mobile platform can support? Mobile users must be able to navigate your app easily and provide input without excessive typing.

5 Macro analysis goal

Still, being relatively new, mobile apps present a wide array of issues and challenges for both end users and developers. Apps that are not pre-installed are generally distributed to end-users through app stores, application distribution platforms first appeared in 2008. Dedicated app stores are typically operated by the owners of the mobile operating systems (such as the Apple App StoreFootnote 2, Google PlayFootnote 3, and the Windows Phone StoreFootnote 4).

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Section 9 discusses and puts the achieved results in context by also elaborating on future research challenges. Nowadays, the digital media usage time is driven by mobile devices, with smartphone and tablets accounting for 66% of all time spent, against desktop usage which accounts for 34% only [2]. Specifically, more than 80% of mobile minutes in all markets are spent on mobile apps [35]. Indeed, the development of mobile apps is exponentially growing since the establishment of a number of app stores from where to download and install them. In contrast to all competitors, who often rely on products from Asian manufacturers, the Android™ Industrial+ version of the ACD can be customized at any time, since all sources are located at the developer and manufacturer in Germany. At the same time, a fast reaction time is possible for adaptations, bugs and security patches.


When considering the targeted platforms, it is evident that Android is the clear winner, with more than 90% of approaches targeting it. If we look back in time, it is widely recognized that the mobile ecosystem is extremely dynamic, with platforms unpredictably raising and failing in terms of sells of devices, companies acquisitions, users flowing to/from other platforms. For example, 10 years ago, Apple iOS and Symbian were having 38% and 16% of the market share, whereas today they account for less than 14% togetherFootnote 15.

  • Evaluation takes place in real-world (industrial) contexts, using exclusively unmodified applications.
  • To learn more about the specifics of mobile application development on either platform, read our articles on iOS app development and Android app development.
  • 4, most of the papers were published in conferences (207/261), followed by journals (40/261) and workshops (14/261).
  • In order to mitigate this threat, we adopted a search strategy consisting of a manual search encompassing all the top-level software engineering conferencesFootnote 16 and international journalsFootnote 17 according to well known sources in the field.
  • These analytics will help with quick information and insights for better decision making.

Our study will help researchers and practitioners in identifying the purposes and the limitations of existing research on static analysis of mobile apps. Also, we assessed the potential of research on static analysis of mobile apps, discussing how to foster industrial adoption and technological transfer. In this sense, we can argue that this work constitutes a valuable asset to the academic and industrial world in the wide spectrum of static analysis. The macro analysis goals considered by the primary studies are reported in Fig. A smaller amount of studies focuses on the improvement of static analysis methodologies (77/261) and on internal quality (65/261)Footnote 11. From this data, we conjecture that the high pace of the mobile technological advances and the strong role of end users in the mobile ecosystem are leading researchers to give more importance to external qualities.


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